Special Issue: Environmentally-Induced Migration in the Context of Social Vulnerability

Thanks to Forced Migration Current Awareness we learned of a special issue of International Migration that focuses on environmentally-induced migration.

Contents include the following:

  • A Decision Framework for Environmentally Induced Migration
  • Multidimensional Re-creation of

    Vulnerabilities and Potential for Resilience in International Migration

  • The Thin Line Between Choice and Flight: Environment and Migration in Rural Benin
  • North-South Migration in Ghana: What Role for the Environment?
  • Economic or Environmental Migration? The Push Factors in Niger
  • Flooding and Relocation: The Zambezi River Valley in Mozambique
  • Western Sahara: Migration, Exile and Environment
  • Environmental Degradation and Migration on Hispaniola Island
  • Drought Triggered Temporary Migration in an East Indian Village
  • Migration and Displacement Triggered by Floods in the Mekong Delta
  • Contrasted Views on Environmental Change and Migration: the Case of

    Tuvaluan Migration to New Zealand

Download each article free here.


  • Erika Schmidt

    The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator and other aid agency heads underlined the need to help communities become more resilient, so they could face extreme climate events rather than being forced to flee their homes permanently. Holmes said other mechanisms to raise money to help poor countries would have to be found. “Let’s face it,” he told IRIN, the amount needed will not be put on the table by the rich countries in Copenhagen.
    However, Walter Kälin, Representative of the UN Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, said the message to donors was that they should rather fund initiatives to help poor countries adapt now, as “it will be much cheaper.”
    Holmes, Kälin and António Guterres, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, who also addressed a press briefing in Copenhagen, have been in the front line of providing assistance to people displaced by climate-related natural disasters, which are projected to become more frequent and intense in future. So-called environmentally induced migration is multi-level problem. According to Essam El-Hinnawi definition form 1985 environmental refugees as ―those people who have been forced to leave their traditional habitat, temporarily or permanently, because of a marked environmental disruption (natural or triggered by people) that jeopardised their existence and/or seriously affected the quality of their life. The fundamental distinction between `environmental migrants` and `environmental refugees` is a standpoint of contemporsry studies in EDPs.
    According to Bogumil Terminski it seems reasonable to distinguish the general category of environmental migrants from the more specific (subordinate to it) category of environmental refugees.

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